Dr. Susmit Kumar, Ph.D.

 

1.     Earlier I sent copy of my letter to ten Senior-most Supreme Court Justices for taking Suo Moto cognizance to correct Freedom Struggle History in NCERT books and UGC recommended curriculum Corrupted by "Court" Historians of Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty which is copied below also.

2.     I know that if there are unsubstantiated claims against “Mahatma Gandhi” Supreme Court justices can not only ban my book but also fine tens of thousands of dollars as well as throw me in jail for blaming “Father of Nation” aka “Mahatma Gandhi”. However, all my crucial evidences against MK Gandhi are from British Govt declassified documents, publicly available and also from well-established verifiable sources.

3.   Gandhi captured Congress in 1920 by using large numbers of “radical mullahs” of Khilafat Movement and collected 1 crore rupees in 1921 by bogus claim of getting Swaraj (Self-Rule) in one year. Thereafter becoming "Sonia Gandhi" of the time, Gandhi always hushed down talk of any independence movement, except in 1942.

4.     At the onset of World War II in Sept 1939, a freedom fighter would have tried to over throw the British Raj as majority of British forces in India, which included [British] Indian Army also, were sent to fight in Europe and East Asia. But both Gandhi and Nehru did not opt for any movement till Aug 1942.

5.     On May 20, 1940, Jawaharlal Nehru made an astounding statement in which he said, "Launching a civil disobedience campaign at a time when Britain is engaged in a life and death struggle would be an act derogatory to India's honour." Similarly, Gandhi said, "We do not seek our independence out of Britain's ruin. That is not the way of non-violence." (Bose, Subhas Chandra, The Indian Struggle, Part II 1935-42, Thacker, Spink & Co, Calcutta, 1948, available at www.subhaschandrabose.org,  Indian Struggle, Part II pp 25-6).

6.     It is worth noting that during 1939-early 1942, British Raj had sent nearly all its combative Indian Army troops to either European/North African front or East Asian front (Singapore, Burma, Malaysia, etc.) as it was not imagining any attack on India soil either from east or west. During that period, British Raj had only one British division and six Indian divisions in India (Subhas Chandra Bose in Nazi Germany: Politics, Intelligence and Propaganda 1941-43, Roman Hayes, Columbia University Press, New York, 2011, pp 81-2). Hence if Gandhi and Congress would have had decided to overthrow British Raj, they would have been successful.

7.     But the fall of Singapore and then Burma, changed everything as Japan started knocking at the door of India through the Burma-Imphal border.

8.     In mid-1942, Gandhi opted for Quit India Movement only because he thought that Japan and Germany would win World War II. At that time Hitler's Nazi Germany had captured nearly entire Europe and encircled Leningrad and Stalingrad as well as was winning in North Africa. Apart from this, Japan had captured nearly entire East Asia and was knocking at the door of India (with the Indian National Army, INA) through Burma border. Gandhi's original 1942 Quit India Resolution was completely pro-Japanese Empire which was later on revised by Nehru (as per Gandhi's hand written papers, seized by British Raj police in a raid) – the actual British intelligence papers are at British Govt website whose links are written below. Gandhi was afraid that if the INA, supported by Japan, would liberate India, then his name might be in a footnote in the history book.

9.     Even after Gandhi’s sanction of 1942 Quit India Movement, Nehru and Abul Kalam Azad, the then Congress President, tried long and hard to resist to sanction the Quit India Movement. Sardar Patel and Rajendra Prasad threatened to leave Congress Working Committee, then only Nehru and Azad sanctioned the movement (Patel A Life, Rajmohan Gandhi, Navajivan, Ahmedabad, India, Thirteenth Reprint, May 2019, p. 312).

10.  In October 1943, Page Croft, Under-Secretary of State for War in the Churchill Cabinet, wrote to Churchill, “The failure of Gandhi to rouse India against the King-Emperor is one of the happiest events of the war.” (Liberty or Death: India Journey to Independence and Division, Patrick French, Flamingo, London, 1997, p 175).

11.  After mid-1942, not only European troops but US troops also started coming to India to fight Japanese and helping Chiang-Kai-Shek regime in China. More than 200,000 US troops came to India to fight Japan during that period. They also trained Chinese troops in Ramgarh, Bihar.

12.  Even in 1946, MK Gandhi was insisting on non-violence movement to obtain independence after getting instructions from Viceroy and the British Government (The Transfer of Power 1942-7, Vol. VI The Post-War Phase: New Moves by the Labour Government 1 August 1945-22 March 1946, Nicholas Mansergh and Penderel Moon, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London, 1976). British Raj could have easily infiltrated bad elements in his movement to create violence, leading him to withdraw the movement.

13.  Throughout his stay in South Africa, MK Gandhi actually supported the British Empire (The South African Gandhi, Stretcher-Bearer of Empire, Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed, Stanford University Press, 2015). MK Gandhi was same in India.

14.  As discussed in my book, without Subhas Chandra Bose, India would not have had independence till Gandhi would have been alive because he was against independence.

 

Gandhi's original 1942 Quit India Resolution was completely pro-Japanese Empire which was revised by Nehru (as per Gandhi's hand written papers, seized by British Raj police in a raid)

British Government declassified document, created by the Secretary of State for India for the War Cabinet on June 16, 1942 can be accessed at – (Source: British National Archive) http://filestore.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pdfs/small/cab-66-25-wp-42-255-35.pdf)

 

The opening paragraph is – “As I mentioned to the War Cabinet on 15th June 1942 (War Cabinet Conclusions 74(42) Minute 3) there are increasing indications that Gandhi is abandoning his previously declared policy of refraining from embarrassing Government and is planning to lead Congress into some widespread movement with the aim of compelling the British to withdraw from India. I now circulate for information an extract from the Viceroy’s telegram of 7th June and a copy of his telegram of 11th June (already circulated) together with a copy of the published Congress War Resolution of May 1st compared with the original draft (now established to be the work of Gandhi himself) and a selection of recent significant statements by Gandhi.”

 

If you want independence from your colonial ruler, you must at least “embarrass” them. If you are not embarrassing them, then it shows that there is some mutual understanding between you two.

 

British Government declassified document, created by the Secretary of State for India for the War Cabinet on June 27, 1942 can be accessed (Source: British National Archive) - http://filestore.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pdfs/small/cab-66-26-wp-42-271-1.pdf)

 

Let us see why Gandhi changed his mind and wanted complete independence from Britain in June 1942. In mid-1942, Nazi Germany was in control of entire Europe and was winning in North Africa and driving towards Stalingrad in Soviet Union. Elsewhere, Japan had taken over Burma and were knocking at the door of India. Japan had already created the Indian National Army (INA) in 1942 under Mohan Singh, by Indian POWs of the British-Indian Army captured by Japan in the Malayan campaign and in Singapore. INA aim was to secure the independence of India by driving away the British.

In course of a police raid on the AICC office, notes of the discussion in the [Congress] Working Committee before the AICC meeting were seized. These revealed that Gandhi had submitted his draft of the resolution insisting that India’s conflict with Britain was eternal, but that she had no quarrel with Japan. ‘The Committee,’ ran one sentence, ‘desire to assure the Japanese Government and people that India bears no enmity either towards Japan or towards any other nations.’ ‘If India were freed,’ ran another sentence,’ ‘her first step would probably be to negotiate with Japan (Copland, Ian, India 1885-1947: The Unmaking of an Empire, Longman, UK, 2001, p 240, The Times, April 30, 1942). Nehru, it appeared, had protested that the whole tenor of Gandhi’s draft was in favor of Japan and revealed a belief that the Axis Powers would win the war. The final draft was thus a compromise. In fact, the division in the ‘high command’ between the pacifists and the non-pacifists had been healed. Nehru had surrendered. Up to this point he had consistently preached violent resistance to the Japanese: he had spoken to that effect when Sir Stafford Cripps was at Delhi and even later. Now he had subscribed to ‘non-violent non-co-operation’ as the only method of defense against invasion (Copland, Ian, India 1885-1947: The Unmaking of an Empire, Longman, UK, 2001, p289).

 

My two previous articles on this topics

1.  “Request to 10 Senior Most Supreme Court Justices for taking Suo Moto cognizance to correct Freedom Struggle History in NCERT books and UGC recommended curriculum Corrupted by "Court" Historians of Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty”

https://www.susmitkumar.net/index.php/47-uncategorised/254-request-to-10-senior-most-supreme-court-justices-for-taking-suo-moto-cognizance-to-correct-freedom-struggle-history-in-ncert-books-and-ugc-recommended-curriculum-corrupted-by-court-historians-of-nehru-gandhi-dynasty

 

2.  "Dr Susmit Kumar's New Book: Gandhi, an Obstacle for the Freedom of India, Brought Radical Mullahs into Mainstream Politics Which Finally Led to Partition of India Subhas Chandra Bose, Not Gandhi and Congress Party, Gave Independence to India"

https://www.susmitkumar.net/index.php/47-uncategorised/253-dr-susmit-kumar-s-new-book-gandhi-an-obstacle-for-the-freedom-of-india-brought-radical-mullahs-into-mainstream-politics-which-finally-led-to-partition-of-india-subhas-chandra-bose-not-gandhi-and-congress-party-gave-independence-to-india